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Ep. 47 – Part 1/2: America did it again . . . how we killed the infant gut microbiome (and these scientists working to fix it!) With guests Dr. Tracy Shafizadeh & Dr. Bethany Henrick with Evolve Biosystems

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Table of Contents
0:00 We’re talking about the infant gut microbiome
1:10 Special interview with Evolve Biosystems scientists: Part 1 of 2
3:47 Thank you to our sponsor Breastfeeding for Busy Moms
4:35 Guests: scientists Tracy Schafizadeh & Bethany Hendrick
6:35 Why study “baby poop” & breast milk
9:55 Defining “human milk oligosaccharides,” aka HMOs
10:05 Defining the (really important) “b infantis” bacteria
10:35 Why and how Evolve Biosystems started
11:15 Let’s talk about HMOs, details are important
14:30 Understanding how b infantis works
15:10 What is a microbiome?
16:50 The birth fecal-oral transfer: it’s set-up by nature!
18:15 B infantis and nonvaginal births
21:25 Finding: 97% of US babies have no b infantis
22:15 Relationship between b infantis and breastmilk
24:15 How b infantis changes baby poop
26:25 What changing pH mean
27:10 Gut health connected to overall health
28:00 Why don’t we have b infantis in the US anymore?
30:55 Other countries’ babies have b infantis: Are they better off?
35:15 Microbiome and immune system: bosom buddies
36:00 What can we do to help infant guts in the US? Yes!
37:30 Not all b infantis is the same!
41:09 Thank you to our sponsor The Wandering Womb
41:50 A summary of what we’ve covered in Part 1 (of 2)
44:05 Part 2 next week: what we’ll cover
45:45 Thank you for listening!
Evolve Biosystems

Credits and contact
Thanks to Cherie Louise Turner for editing and production and to Lindsay Brett Carothers for her musical stylings of our intro and outro.
Additional music credits, thank you Wataboi and Mazzaccaro from Pixabay.
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